This summary document sets out the results of a project to develop unidimensional standardised measures of legal confidence and attitudes to law. It also details the resulting measures and provides basic guidance to their use.
The document provides a six-item Legal Self- Efficacy (LEF) scale and a four-item Legal Anxiety (LAX) scale. Importantly, when implementing the LEF and LAX scales, wording, question order and response format should remain as detailed in the summary guidance set out below.
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