This summary document sets out the results of a project to develop unidimensional standardised measures of legal confidence and attitudes to law. It also details the resulting measures and provides basic guidance to their use.

The document provides a six-item Legal Self- Efficacy (LEF) scale and a four-item Legal Anxiety (LAX) scale.  Importantly, when implementing the LEF and LAX scales, wording, question order and response format should remain as detailed in the summary guidance set out below.

Legal Confidence and Attitudes to Law - Developing Standardised Measures of Legal Capability (web version)

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